The Kingdom of Ayutthaya existed from 1350 to 1767, located in the heart of Thailand – at the time called ‘Siam’. This was the precursor to the current monarchy of Thailand, and after four centuries of rule it was finally brought to a violent end during the Burmese–Siamese War. As the Burmese swept east across Siam, the capital of Ayutthaya came under siege for the second time in 200 years. Whereas the Kingdom of Ayutthaya survived the 16th century Burmese invasion however, this time the city fell. In the chaotic massacre which followed, starving inhabitants of the city were slaughtered on site, while every building was set alight. Ayutthaya, the centre of Siamese authority for hundreds of years, was so devastated that it could not be used as a government centre anymore. King Taksin founded the new city of “Thonburi Sri Mahasamut” on the west bank of Chao Phraya river – (Nowadays a district of Bangkok).

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